The FIBA U18 Asia Championship was first instituted in 1970 and the inaugural edition of the tournament took place in Seoul, South Korea. Prior to the 23rd edition (in November 2016), China and Japan are the three time defending champions and first runners up respectively.
There are usually 12 teams participating in this event. These 12 teams have been split into two levels: upper Level 1 (or Group A) and lower level 2 (Group B).
This is a league cum knockout format. The group phase of the tournament is played in a round-robin format, with each team playing every other team in their group. The top four teams from Group A progress to the semifinals, while the bottom two Group A teams play relegation matches with the top two teams from Group B.
The top 3 teams at the end of the Championship earn the right to represent Asia at the FIBA U19 Women's World Championship.
Prior to the 23rd edition (Nov 2016), India has participated in the tournament 13 times and has also hosted it once (New Delhi, 2000). India’s best performance at the event came in 1980 when it was placed 4th.
Thereafter the side went into a bit of a lull, getting relegated to lower Level 2 by the end of the 2008 edition. In 2012, the team climbed back into upper Level 1 where it has continued to compete till date.